A glossary that will be more fun if you know it!

Climbing also has technical terms and specific expressions.
If you have time, it's good to gradually remember.
Expand your world little by little!

Basic terminology

Hold edition

Move edition

Wall type

Basic terminology


A handhold protruding from the wall, a foothold. The material of the holds that can be attached to the artificial wall is mainly plastic and comes in a wide variety of colors and shapes.


The most difficult and important part in capturing the challenge. In the competition, the results are greatly influenced by whether or not you can climb the core part.


It is a non-slip hand and has the property of absorbing sweat. There are powders and liquids that are put in a chalk bag and used.


Difficulty of the task. In Japan, a rank system is mainly used, and although it varies from gym to gym, level 10 is the easiest, and the difficulty increases as the number decreases. After 1st grade, the number of steps increases with 1st dan, 2nd dan, and so on


To try one problem with several people in order. It is one of the competition formats in the competition, and it is also an opportunity for communication at the gym.


Muscles such as arms swell and get tired due to the overlapping loads of climbing.


Preview the assignment. Assuming body movements and procedures while using gestures.
Often abbreviated as "Observation".


Rest your tired arms and body in a stable position during competition. Breaks between practices and rest days are also called rests.

Hold edition


It comes from the shape of the hold that is easy to grasp with the whole finger, and it can be held "gaba". Also known as a jug or a bucket.


It is a small hold that you can grasp with your fingertips, and it comes from holding it with a "click". Also called an edge.


A large hold protruding from the wall. In recent years, it has become popular at competitions and gyms due to its visual impact.


A round shaped hold with no corners. It is difficult to grasp with your fingers, and you should hold it with the entire palm of your hand.



Generic name for movement and technique in climbing. It is divided into static static and dynamic dynamic.


One of the most basic moves in free climbing. A movement that stretches the leg opposite to the stretched arm so that it is diagonal to the arm and takes the next move.

Toe hook

To hook the top of the foot from the toe to the hold. Advanced users can even hang upside down like a bat.

Heel hook

Hooking the heel on the hold. Raise your body using your heels as a fulcrum. One of the moves frequently used in bouldering and lead.


Cross your arms and go to the other side to pick up the next move. The reach of the crossing hand changes considerably depending on whether it is put out from above or from below.


Spread your legs and bend the knee on the same side as the hand you want to put out to stabilize it. Also called drop knee.


A posture in which one climbs facing a wall head-on. It's a move you don't do very often at the gym, but most of the outer rocks, especially the faces, are head-on.


A big move that jumps inside the wall and goes to get a hold. It is also called a dyno, and if you go to grab hold with both hands, it becomes a double dyno.

Wall type

A wall of less than 90 degrees falling in the back. It is said to be a gentle slope, and although it is often found in the beginner zone at gyms, depending on the task, it can be a difficult wall even for advanced users.

Hanging wall

90 degree vertical wall. In gyms, it is often prepared as a wall for beginners to challenge first. aka face.


forward leaning wall. Also called a cover. If it leans a lot, it is called a strong slope or a steep slope, and if it leans further, it is called a roof.


A wall that looks like a sphere. There are many places for middle- and advanced-level riders, as the overall strength is tested on a wall that fuses power and balance.

Urban Climbing Club KAWASEMI
2-2-15 Sonezaki, Kita Ward, Osaka City
KDX Higashi Umeda Building B1F

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